The Russian Federation is situated in the eastern part of the Europe and the northern part of Asia. The capital city of the Russian Federation is Moscow. The population of the Russian Federation is 144 million with a density of 8.7 people per 1 sq. km.
The Russian Federation is bounded on the north-west by Norway and Finland; on the west by Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Belarus; on the south-west by Ukraine; on the south by Georgia, Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan and on the south-east by China, Mongolia and the Korean People's Democratic Republic.
The birth of the Russian state is usually identified with the founding of Novgorod in AD 862, although until 1480 the Mongols overran Russia. During the Romanov dynasty (1613–1917) Russia became the vast nation it is today. The 19th century saw feverish capitalist development undermined by successively autocratic and backwards tsars. The most prominent example was Nicholas II, whose refusal to countenance serious change precipitated the 1917 revolution. What began as a liberal revolution was hijacked later the same year in a coup led by the Bolsheviks under Lenin, which resulted in the setting up of the world’s first communist state.
The Communist Party held power from 1917 until 1991, during which time Russia became a superpower, having created the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and absorbing some 14 neighbouring states between 1922 and 1945. Mikhail Gorbachev led a series of reforms known as perestroika in 1985. Within six years the USSR had collapsed alongside communism and reformer Boris Yeltsin led Russia into a new world of cutthroat capitalism.
The Russian Federation occupies the first position having a land territory of 22% of the total land of the Earth. It also occupies the sixth place in the world in terms of its total population.
Russia has rich mineral resources of oil, gas, coal, diamonds, gold etc. The scientific potential of the country and the fundamentals of the Russian educational systems created a background for its technical achievements and the very basis for its industrial production and its space researching technologies. Major Industries include: Oil, natural gas, coal and strategic minerals, timber, all forms of machinery, shipbuilding, medical and scientific instruments, textiles
The Head of the State, the President of the Russian Federation is elected every four years by a universal, equal and a direct suffrage by a secret ballot. The President of the Russian Federation is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed forces.
The Russian higher medical Universities & Engineering Universities are some of the best in the world. Russia has always been ahead in the field of education and more specifically medicine, engineering and other fields. Studying in Russia is easy, cheap, and flexible. It's also an inexpensive way for travellers to engage in the cultural life of Russia's cities.
Russia has a long-standing tradition in high-quality education for all citizens. It probably has also one of the best education systems in the world producing a literacy rate of 98%.
There are 609 state and 206 private accredited higher education institutions in Russia; the Ministry of Education finances 315 of them (state). Other Ministries or the local authorities finance the rest of the programmes.
Russia's participation in creating the Joint European Area of Higher Education facilitates the mutual recognition of the Russian degrees in the Europe and vice versa. Russia’s adherence to the Bologna process has facilitated the recognition of the Russian degrees all over the world via the legalization of the degrees.
State and private accredited institutions (universitites, academies, institutes, etc) provide higher education study programmes. Education in state universities is not often free of charge - mostly for those students who show higher results at entrance exams. Approximately one-third of the students pay tuition fees. In private higher education institutions, all students have to pay for tuition.
Russian State Universities has a special unit, The Institute of International Education (IIE), which provides training for international students and promotes a wide spectrum of educational programs.
A foreign citizen who wishes to apply for studies at Russian State University have to submit some or all of the following documents:
After receiving all required documents the International Relations Department send you an official invitation and I will send it to the address that was indicated in your application form.
Universities may require additional documents in order to complete de application procedure. Make sure to ask the university representatives for detailed information before applying.
The system of education in Russia has considerably changed over the past five years. Universities have begun implementing a system similar to that of Britain and the USA: 4 years for a Bachelor's degree and 2 years for a Master's degree. These changes are still in progress; some universities offer the new system, others still work according to the prior 5-year system.
After completing higher education, one can pursue postgraduate studies (aspirantura in Russian), which takes three years. After the defence of the thesis, 'Candidate of Science' (or Kandidat nauk) degree is awarded. This is considered equivalent to the Ph.D. degree according to the American system.
There is one more scientific-degree in Russia higher than 'Candidate of Science'. It is the 'Doctor of Science' (or Doktor nauk) degree. This postdoctoral education, known as doctorantura in Russian, takes three more years. The 'Doctor of Science' degree is awarded after defending the doctoral thesis.
In Russia, the duration of studies at the faculty of medicine or engineering depends upon the medium of instruction. The faculty with Russian language as the medium of instruction offers a study-program of seven years or five years in case of engineering, which includes one year training in Russian, at the preparatory faculty.
Students who opt for English as the language of instruction do not have to undergo the one-year training at a preparatory faculty.
After receiving the invitation letter, the student must contact the Embassy of the Russian Federation in his / her country in order to apply for the student's visa. The following documents must be provided:
In order to enter the territory of the Russian Federation and to be admitted into a university, students should present the following documents:
Ask for detailed information at your local Russian embassy or consulate.
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