Environmental science integrates physical and biological sciences to the study of the environment and the solution of environmental problems. As such, it is an interdisciplinary academic field with an integrated and quantitative approach to the study of environmental systems. Biology, ecology and environmental engineering are among the specific areas environmental science encompasses. Graduates apply knowledge from other scientific and social disciplines such as physics, chemistry and social sciences. Environmental scientists use a systems approach to the analysis of environmental problems. They work on subjects like understanding earth processes, evaluating alternative energy systems, pollution control and mitigation, natural resource management and the effects of global climate change.
Environmental studies and environmental engineering are the two related areas of study in the field. Environmental studies incorporate social sciences for understanding human relationships, perceptions and policies towards the environment. Environmental engineering, on the other hand, focuses on design and technology to improve environmental quality. Environmental scientists are expected to have advanced capability to relate space and time relationships as well as quantitative analysis.
The Program in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences (AOS) offers graduate study under the sponsorship of the Department of Geosciences. An understanding of the complex behavior of the atmosphere and oceans requires a balanced effort in theoretical analysis, numerical modeling, laboratory experiments and analysis of observations.
Department of Geosciences, together with its affiliated interdepartmental programs and institutes, serves as the central focus for the earth, atmospheric, oceanographic and environmental sciences at Princeton. As such, the department encompasses a rich diversity of scientific expertise and initiatives that ranges, from the measurement and modeling of global climatic change to high-pressure mineral physics, and from seismic tomographic imaging of the mantle under the continents to analysis of the tectonics of Venus.
Oceans and Climate Variability: The ocean covers 70% of the Earth’s surface and, through its exchange of heat, water and compounds with the atmosphere, the lithosphere, and the cryosphere, it plays a key role in our climate system. The ocean also hosts a significant fraction of the Earth’s biosphere, which both responds to, and plays a role in, climate variability.
Students enter the Joint Program in Marine Geology and Geophysics with a wide range of backgrounds and eventually embark on thesis research in a wide variety of fields of study. The program is flexible, with an emphasis on reaching academic milestones rather than on the path taken.
Students enter the Joint Program in Chemical Oceanography with a wide range of backgrounds and eventually embark on thesis research in a wide variety of fields of study. The program is flexible, with an emphasis on reaching academic milestones rather than on the path taken.
Most students enter the Joint Program with a Ph.D. as their goal. For students entering with appropriate undergraduate preparation (a Bachelor of Science or equivalent degree in a relevant science), the academic program is typically made up of two years of graduate-level course work. Courses may be selected from a course list offered specifically by the Joint Program as well as the full range of courses at MIT.
The MIT/WHOI Joint Program provides a high quality doctoral education leading to an internationally-recognized Ph.D. degree awarded by both institutions. The Joint Program is organized within five sub-disciplinary areas, each administered by a Joint Committee consisting of MIT faculty and WHOI scientists: Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, Biological Oceanography, Chemical Oceanography, Marine Geology and Geophysics, and Physical Oceanography. Cutting across the Joint Committees are interdisciplinary themes including “climate and climate impacts” and “coastal processes”.
University of Minho (Portugal), together with the Czech Technical University in Prague (Czech Republic), the Polytechnic University of Madrid (Spain), the International Initiative for a Sustainable Built Environment (iiSBE) and several other universities and other non-commercial organisations, is launching a high quality International Doctoral Programme in Sustainable Built Environment - iDiSBE.
The International Max Planck Research School for Environmental, Cellular, and Molecular Microbiology in Marburg (IMPRS-Mic) in Germany offers fellowships for a three-year structured PhD program. The IMPRS-MIC is a joint initiative of the Max Planck Institute for Terrestrial Microbiology and the Philipps-Universität Marburg. The school aims to provide excellent students with outstanding and interdisciplinary scientific training in modern microbiology.